Treatment of monkeypox patients is often symptomatic and dependent on the severity of symptoms. Numerous single and combination drugs that could prove effective against monkeypox virus infection are being researched and tested currently by pharma companies.
As an important precautionary measure, any direct contact with sick or dead animals should be avoided under all circumstances, and all foods containing animal meat or parts need to be properly cooked before eating.
People have become more susceptible due to the termination of routine smallpox vaccination, which offered some cross-protection in the past. Vaccination against smallpox with first-generation vaccinia virus-based smallpox vaccine was shown to be 85% effective in preventing monkeypox in the past. Family and community members, health workers and laboratory personnel who were vaccinated against smallpox in childhood may have some protection against monkeypox.